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Cord tissue stem cells

Mesenchymal stem cells 2013.02.07.

In terms of therapeutic use, mesenchymal stem cells are the most promising tissue stem cells that can also be found in adults. It has been demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells are particularly important in maintaining the various cells of the immune system and regulating the quantity of the basic components of blood. Mesenchymal stem cells can support hematopoietic stem cells, which is a very important function during a stem cell transplant. Of particular importance is what is called their immunosuppressive property, which means they can be successfully used in the treatment of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and for reducing inflammation. 

Researchers attach importance to the ability of mesenchymal stem cells to regenerate the liver. Mesenchymal stem cells also facilitate the regeneration of insulin-producing cells, and thereby promise a possible therapy for the cure of Type 1 diabetes. The latest clinical findings speak of the successful treatment of diseases and injuries affecting the respiratory system using mesenchymal stem cells. They are suitable for creating skin and epithelial cells, and thus for treatment to a certain degree of serious burns and the urogenital tract. Diseases of the heart and circulatory system have also seen successful use of mesenchymal stem cell techniques, as both heart and arterial muscle can be created from them, which has particular significance in the treatment of heart attacks for example. Umbilical stem cells could also be ideal for the treatment of diseases of the nervous system. Several research teams have successfully used Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells in clinical trials into the treatment of neurological disorders such as spinal injury and Parkinson's disease.

Intensive research is currently under way in an effort to better understand the properties of mesenchymal stem cells, their safe use, and the development of new therapies that could increase the effectiveness of many existing treatments, or offer hope in the case of diseases that have so far proved incurable.